Friday, 31 August 2012

BREAST CANCER




 Most of us knows or heard of someone with breast cancer and are curious to find out the causes and symptoms. Here is a complete review on breast cancer.

Definition

Breast cancer is a cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast.
There are two main types of breast cancer:
  • Ductal carcinoma starts in the tubes (ducts) that move milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type.
  • Lobular carcinoma starts in parts of the breast, called lobules, that produce milk.
In rare cases, breast cancer can start in other areas of the breast.
Many breast cancers are sensitive to the hormone estrogen. This means that estrogen causes the breast cancer tumor to grow. Such cancer is called estrogen receptor positive cancer or ER positive cancer.
Some women have what's called HER2-positive breast cancer. HER2 refers to a gene that helps cells grow, divide, and repair themselves. When cells have too many copies of this gene, cells -- including cancer cells -- grow faster. Experts think that women with HER2-positive breast cancer have a more aggressive disease and a higher risk of recurrence than those who do not have this type.

 Symptoms

Early breast cancer usually does not cause symptoms. This is why regular breast exams are important. As the cancer grows, symptoms may include:
  • Breast lump or lump in the armpit that is hard, has uneven edges, and usually does not hurt
  • Change in the size, shape, or feel of the breast or nipple -- for example, you may have redness, dimpling, or puckering that looks like the skin of an orange
  • Fluid coming from the nipple -- may be bloody, clear to yellow, green, and look like pus
Men get breast cancer, too. Symptoms include breast lump and breast pain and tenderness.
Symptoms of advanced breast cancer may include:
  • Bone pain
  • Breast pain or discomfort
  • Skin ulcers
  • Swelling of one arm (next to breast with cancer)
  • Weight loss


Causes & Risk Factors

Over the course of a lifetime, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer.
Risk factors you cannot change include:
  • Age and gender
  • Family history of breast cancer
  • Genes
  • Menstrual cycle -- Women who get their periods early (before age 12) or went through menopause late (after age 55) have an increased risk for breast cancer.
Other risk factors include:
  • Alcohol use -- Drinking more than 1 - 2 glasses of alcohol a day may increase your risk for breast cancer.
  • Childbirth -- Women who have never had children or who had them only after age 30 have an increased risk for breast cancer. Being pregnant more than once or becoming pregnant at an early age reduces your risk of breast cancer.
  • DES -- Women who took diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent miscarriage may have an increased risk of breast cancer after age 40. This drug was given to the women in the 1940s - 1960s.
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) -- You have a higher risk for breast cancer if you have received hormone replacement therapy for several years or more. Many women take HRT to reduce the symptoms of menopause.
  • Obesity -- Obesity has been linked to breast cancer, although this link is controversial. The theory is that obese women produce more estrogen, which can fuel the development of breast cancer.
  • Radiation -- If you received radiation therapy as a child or young adult to treat cancer of the chest area, you have a significantly higher risk for developing breast cancer. The younger you started such radiation, the higher your risk -- especially if the radiation was given when a female was developing breasts.
Breast implants, using antiperspirants, and wearing underwire bras do not raise your risk for breast cancer. There is no evidence of a direct link between breast cancer and pesticides.
  

Tests & Diagnostics
 
The doctor will ask you about your symptoms and risk factors, and then perform a physical exam, which includes both breasts, armpits, and the neck and chest area. Additional tests may include:


  • Mammography to help identify the breast lump
  • Breast MRI to help better identify the breast lump
  • Breast ultrasound to show whether the lump is solid or fluid-filled
  • Breast biopsy, needle aspiration, or breast lump removal to remove all or part of the breast lump for closer examination by a laboratory specialist
  • CT scan
  • Sentinal lymph node biopsy 
  • PET scan 
  • Nuclear Bone Scan
  

Treatments


Treatment is based on many factors, including type and stage of the cancer, whether the cancer is sensitive to certain hormones, and whether or not the cancer overproduces (overexpresses) a gene called HER2/neu.
In general, cancer treatments may include:
  • Chemotherapy medicines to kill cancer cells
  • Radiation therapy to destroy cancerous tissue
  • Surgery to remove cancerous tissue -- a lumpectomy removes the breast lump; mastectomy removes all or part of the breast and possible nearby structures
Other treatments:
  • Hormonal therapy to block certain hormones that fuel cancer growth
  • Targeted therapy to interfere with cancer cell growth and function



 Prevention

Many risk factors -- such as your genes and family history -- cannot be controlled. However, a healthy diet and a few lifestyle changes may reduce your overall chance of cancer in general.
Breast cancer is more easily treated and often curable if it is found early.
Early detection involves:
  • Breast self-exams (BSE)
  • Clinical breast exams by a medical professional
  • Screening mammography
Most experts recommend that women age 20 and older examine their breasts once a month during the week following the menstrual period.
Women between the ages 20 and 39 should have a doctor examine their breasts at least once every 3 years.
After age 40:
  • Women 40 and older should have a mammogram every 1 - 2 years, depending on their risk factors. Women should call their doctor immediately if they notice in change in their breasts whether or not they do routine breast self-exams.
  • Women 40 and older should have a complete breast exam by a health care provider every year.
Mammography is the most effective way of detecting breast cancer early.
Certain women at high risk for breast cancer may have a breast MRI along with their yearly mammogram. Ask your doctor if you need an MRI.



  orig post: http://health.yahoo.net/channel/breast-cancer.html

65 comments:

  1. I simply couldn't leave your website prior to suggesting that I really loved the usual information an individual supply in your guests? Is gonna be back ceaselessly to investigate cross-check new posts

    Also visit my site ... http://www.pornharvest.com

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google,
    and found that it is truly informative. I'm going to watch out for brussels. I'll
    appreciate if you continue this in future. Numerous people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

    Review my web site: more

    ReplyDelete
  3. Your means of describing the whole thing in
    this paragraph is actually fastidious, all can easily know it, Thanks a lot.


    my webpage :: http://peachio.com/kfc/groups/the-prejudices-that-affect-the-transsexual-community-in-modern-society/

    ReplyDelete
  4. Your means of describing the whole thing in this paragraph
    is actually fastidious, all can easily know it, Thanks a lot.


    my web page http://www.wikifollow.info/user/profile/nevarobin/
    My site - more

    ReplyDelete
  5. I couldn't resist commenting. Exceptionally well written!

    Also visit my page ... visit

    ReplyDelete
  6. Does your site have a contact page? I'm having trouble locating it but, I'd like to
    shoot you an e-mail. I've got some recommendations for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great site and I look forward to seeing it expand over time.

    Here is my web page :: visit

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hi! I've been reading your website for a long time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Kingwood Texas! Just wanted to mention keep up the excellent work!

    My page :: at sex videos
    My web page > visit Website

    ReplyDelete
  8. Hi! I understand this is kind of off-topic but I had to ask.

    Does managing a well-established website like yours take a massive amount work?
    I'm brand new to running a blog but I do write in my diary everyday. I'd like to start a blog so I will be able
    to share my own experience and thoughts online. Please let me
    know if you have any recommendations or tips for new aspiring bloggers.
    Appreciate it!

    Also visit my web site ... visit
    My website: see more

    ReplyDelete
  9. I read this article completely on the topic of the
    difference of newest and preceding technologies, it's awesome article.

    my homepage ... Http://Youngorgie...
    My web page > View Web Page

    ReplyDelete
  10. I know this site offers quality based posts and additional information, is there any other web page
    which gives these data in quality?

    Have a look at my website the Porn actress

    ReplyDelete
  11. My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a different web page and thought I may as well
    check things out. I like what I see so now i'm following you. Look forward to finding out about your web page again.

    Take a look at my page: more

    ReplyDelete
  12. I think that is one of the most important info for
    me. And i'm satisfied studying your article. However wanna observation on some basic issues, The web site style is wonderful, the articles is in reality nice : D. Just right activity, cheers

    Also visit my webpage Website

    ReplyDelete
  13. No matter if some one searches for his necessary thing, so he/she desires to
    be available that in detail, therefore that thing is maintained over here.



    Also visit my weblog - Http://Petitegangbangs.Com

    ReplyDelete
  14. I must thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this
    blog. I am hoping to view the same high-grade content
    from you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing
    abilities has inspired me to get my own blog now ;)

    Here is my homepage ... http://teengangbangs.net

    ReplyDelete
  15. What a stuff of un-ambiguity and preserveness of precious familiarity on the topic of unexpected emotions.


    My page ... visit

    ReplyDelete
  16. Thanks , I've recently been searching for information about this subject for a while and yours is the greatest I've came upon till now.
    However, what concerning the conclusion? Are you positive in
    regards to the source?

    Also visit my weblog :: 1

    ReplyDelete
  17. We're a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with valuable information to work on. You've done an impressive job and our whole community will be thankful to you.


    My blog - was Talia For All Seasons

    ReplyDelete
  18. I have read so many articles or reviews regarding the blogger lovers except this paragraph is actually
    a fastidious piece of writing, keep it up.

    My web page: After these 2 euro mammas are gettin down and dirty Here in these killer sex Pics

    ReplyDelete
  19. You are so cool! I do not think I've truly read through anything like this before. So nice to discover another person with a few original thoughts on this topic. Seriously.. thank you for starting this up. This site is something that's needed on the internet, someone with a little originality!


    Here is my blog ... more - teensfirstdp.org

    ReplyDelete
  20. Excellent blog post. I definitely appreciate this site.
    Keep it up!

    Look into my blog - What Free Porn Video

    ReplyDelete
  21. Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my apple ipad
    and tested to see if it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she
    can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has
    83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!


    Here is my homepage by starring isis love - onlymachinesex.Com

    ReplyDelete
  22. Thanks very nice blog!

    Here is my web blog :: see more

    ReplyDelete
  23. This piece of writing is truly a fastidious one it helps new web visitors,
    who are wishing in favor of blogging.

    Feel free to visit my page :: click here

    ReplyDelete
  24. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any
    widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I've been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

    Stop by my blog: at Silky Chick

    ReplyDelete
  25. It's really a great and useful piece of information. I'm happy that you just shared this helpful information with us.
    Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for
    sharing.

    Here is my web blog - at Sexy Brunette Teen Is Having Horny Sex With Party Stripper

    ReplyDelete
  26. This design is steller! You most certainly know how to keep a reader
    amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost.
    ..HaHa!) Excellent job. I really enjoyed what you had
    to say, and more than that, how you presented it.
    Too cool!

    my site :: Web Site

    ReplyDelete
  27. Hi, always i used to check weblog posts here early in the daylight,
    because i like to gain knowledge of more and more.


    Feel free to surf to my site :: visit

    ReplyDelete
  28. Appreciating the persistence you put into your site and in depth
    information you offer. It's nice to come across a blog every once in a while that isn't the
    same old rehashed information. Fantastic read! I've bookmarked your site and I'm
    adding your RSS feeds to my Google account.

    Look into my web page http://stretchedteenass.com

    ReplyDelete
  29. Its like you read my thoughts! You seem to understand so much about this, like you wrote the
    guide in it or something. I think that you simply could
    do with a few p.c. to force the message house a bit, however other than that, that is wonderful blog.
    An excellent read. I will definitely be back.

    Here is my website :: http://hugedd.com/index.php?own=2174366

    ReplyDelete
  30. Thanks for finally talking about > "BREAST CANCER" < Liked it!

    My blog post - http:
    //hardfucked.org

    ReplyDelete
  31. Why users still use to read news papers when in this technological globe the whole thing is presented on
    web?

    My web site; http://pornharvest.Com/index.php?m=2339603

    ReplyDelete
  32. I have been surfing online greater than three hours lately, but I never discovered
    any interesting article like yours. It's lovely price enough for me. Personally, if all web owners and bloggers made just right content as you probably did, the net will probably be much more useful than ever before.

    Look into my page: buysizegenetics.eklablog.com

    ReplyDelete
  33. I every time used to read post in news papers but now
    as I am a user of web thus from now I am using net for content,
    thanks to web.

    Feel free to visit my web blog :: gotye.gossiplookout.com

    ReplyDelete
  34. Cool blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download
    it from somewhere? A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would
    really make my blog shine. Please let me know where you got your design.
    Thanks a lot

    my web page :: buy koutea

    ReplyDelete
  35. Great article, exactly what I wanted to find.

    Here is my web-site ... mongkol11.com

    ReplyDelete
  36. What's Happening i'm new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered
    It positively useful and it has aided me out loads. I hope to give a contribution & assist other
    users like its aided me. Good job.

    Here is my web page buy Virility Ex

    ReplyDelete
  37. You ought to be a part of a contest for one of the most useful
    sites on the net. I will highly recommend this website!

    Review my webpage alteril

    ReplyDelete
  38. My spouse and I stumbled over here by a different web address and thought I may as well check things
    out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to going over your web page for a second time.


    Here is my web page: genf20 plus

    ReplyDelete
  39. Hi there to every body, it's my first pay a visit of this website; this weblog contains awesome and in fact good material in favor of visitors.

    My site - alta white

    ReplyDelete
  40. Greetings, I think your web site might be having web browser compatibility issues.
    Whenever I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in
    Internet Explorer, it's got some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up! Aside from that, fantastic blog!

    My web site - the full details

    ReplyDelete
  41. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text
    in your article seem to be running off the screen in Firefox.
    I'm not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but I thought I'd post to let you know.
    The design look great though! Hope you get the problem fixed
    soon. Thanks

    Feel free to surf to my web-site; http://pornharvest.com/index.php?m=2339523

    ReplyDelete
  42. It's amazing for me to have a web site, which is good for my knowledge. thanks admin

    My blog ... http://pornharvest.com/index.php?m=2339521

    ReplyDelete
  43. Hi to every body, it's my first go to see of this web site; this web site carries amazing and really good data for visitors.

    my blog - zetaclear

    ReplyDelete
  44. Tremendous things here. I'm very glad to see your article. Thanks a lot and I am having a look ahead to contact you. Will you please drop me a mail?

    my web site - Http://Zetaclear.Beep.Com/

    ReplyDelete
  45. Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I've truly loved surfing around your weblog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I'm hoping you write once more very soon!


    My webpage http://pornharvest.com/index.php?m=2512245

    ReplyDelete
  46. Hey! I could have sworn I've been to this blog before but after browsing through some of the post I realized it's new to me.

    Nonetheless, I'm definitely happy I found it and I'll be bookmarking and checking back often!


    Also visit my web site: hgh energizer

    ReplyDelete
  47. I like what you guys are usually up too. Such clever work and coverage!
    Keep up the great works guys I've included you guys to blogroll.

    Also visit my homepage :: http://pornharvest.com/index.php?q=nubiles+malina&f=a&p=s

    ReplyDelete
  48. Hi, its pleasant post concerning media print,
    we all understand media is a fantastic source of data.


    Feel free to surf to my web-site - buy virility ex

    ReplyDelete
  49. When someone writes an post he/she keeps the plan of a user
    in his/her mind that how a user can be aware of it.
    Thus that's why this post is great. Thanks!

    My website - buyprovacyl.beep.com

    ReplyDelete
  50. Good site you have here.. It's hard to find high-quality writing like yours nowadays. I seriously appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

    Feel free to surf to my web site ... virility ex in faisalabad

    ReplyDelete
  51. This is my first time pay a visit at here and i am really happy to read everthing at alone place.



    Look at my homepage; more

    ReplyDelete
  52. Simply desire to say your article is as astounding.
    The clarity for your put up is simply cool and i could think you're knowledgeable in this subject. Well with your permission let me to clutch your feed to stay updated with approaching post. Thanks 1,000,000 and please continue the rewarding work.

    Feel free to visit my site venapro pills

    ReplyDelete
  53. Thanks for the good writeup. It if truth be told was a entertainment
    account it. Look complicated to far added agreeable from you!
    By the way, how could we be in contact?

    Check out my site bibledevotional.net

    ReplyDelete
  54. There is definately a lot to know about this topic. I like all the
    points you have made.

    Also visit my web page ... Truth About Male Enhancement

    ReplyDelete
  55. Have you ever thought about creating an e-book or guest authoring on
    other blogs? I have a blog based upon on the same topics
    you discuss and would love to have you share
    some stories/information. I know my audience would value
    your work. If you're even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e mail.

    Here is my webpage - best male enhancement Exercises

    ReplyDelete
  56. Truly when someone doesn't be aware of afterward its up to other viewers that they will assist, so here it happens.

    Feel free to surf to my blog post - http://retaine.kg6.mailld.com

    ReplyDelete
  57. Hi, I do think this is a great blog. I stumbledupon it ;) I'm going to return yet again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

    Feel free to surf to my weblog regan takes a hard one in her ***** in these pics

    ReplyDelete
  58. It's remarkable designed for me to have a site, which is valuable for my know-how. thanks admin

    Check out my website :: here Are the findings

    ReplyDelete
  59. WOW just what I was looking for. Came here by searching for
    matt stone inc zephyrhills fl

    my web page; link

    ReplyDelete
  60. It's actually a cool and useful piece of info. I am satisfied that you shared this useful info with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

    Also visit my site :: see more

    ReplyDelete
  61. Hi it's me, I am also visiting this web page regularly, this website is in fact fastidious and the viewers are in fact sharing pleasant thoughts.

    Feel free to visit my web blog ... visit

    ReplyDelete
  62. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of
    any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I've been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

    my website: visit website

    ReplyDelete
  63. It's very effortless to find out any topic on web as compared to textbooks, as I found this paragraph at this web page.

    Also visit my web-site; porn movies

    ReplyDelete
  64. Hi it's me, I am also visiting this web page on a regular basis, this web page is truly pleasant and the visitors are genuinely sharing fastidious thoughts.

    Also visit my web page ... virility ex

    ReplyDelete
  65. Hi my loved one! I want to say that this article is amazing,
    great written and come with approximately all important infos.
    I'd like to look more posts like this .

    Here is my weblog http://callworld.ru/profile/barney80k

    ReplyDelete